Genshin Impact Beginner’s Guide 2021

 Genshin Impact is an action role-playing game. Here is the greatest Genshin Impact beginner's guide to getting you started right away.

There's no better time than now to start playing Genshin Impact.

After all, with each new update, the game grows in size and quality. In some ways, we pity all of you who are only now getting into the game after it has already gotten a slew of new missions, bug patches, and even entirely new explorable places.

However, like with other RPGs, the game throws a lot at you right away. And, to be honest, remembering a large quantity of knowledge and game mechanics all at once can be daunting. So, as a newcomer to Genshin Impact, here's a rundown of everything you need to know.


Everything Levels Up Separately

Most RPGs just need you to level up your character. Weapons and equipment usually have levels, although these levels are fixed.

But not in Genshin Impact.

genshin impact tier list

Adventure Rank

First and foremost, you have an Adventure Rank (AR). You might think of this as your Account Level if that helps. Complete Quests, Daily Commissions, or anything else that costs Resin to improve your AR.

Many game mechanics are restricted to players who have achieved particular Adventure Ranks:

ARGame System
8Ley Line Outcrops (Character Exp Books)
12Ley Line Outcrops (Gold)
Daily Commissions
16Co-Op Mode
Domains of Forgery (Weapon Ascension Materials)
20Spiral Abyss
Battle Pass
22Domains of Blessing (Artifacts)
26Story Keys
27Domains of Mastery (Talent Level-Up Materials)
35Serenitea Pot (Housing System)

Our advice is to race to AR12 as soon as possible, as this will let you spend Resin on Leylines to level up more characters and do Daily Commissions for free Primogems.


World Level

Once your AR is high enough, you can increase your World Level (WL). Doing this will make all enemies in the open-world stronger, but it will also increase the quality of their loot.

You start the game at WL 0. It automatically ascends to WL 1 at AR20. Thereafter, you can increase World Level once every 5 Adventure Ranks. World Levels cap out at WL8 which you ascend to at AR55.

Your World Level will determine how high you can level up your characters and their talents.


 Characters – How To Spend Your Resources?

You can put any 4 characters into your active team, but the game features way over 30 of them. And each character needs to be leveled up individually.

You level up characters by giving them Character EXP Materials (EXP Books). At levels 20, 40, 50, 60, 70, and 80 you also have to ascend your characters before you can continue to level them up further. Ascensions are locked behind World Levels. They also require gold and specific materials, some of which can only be obtained by beating World Bosses.

The game doesn’t give you enough resources to level up all of your characters!

So for beginners, we recommend sticking to just one or two characters. This tier list will let you know which characters are most worthwhile. The longer you play, the more resources you’ll get to level up your other characters and weapons. But for beginners, spreading your limited resources too thin is a real problem.



Leveling up characters only increases their base stats. If you want them to hit harder, you have to level their talents. The three talents you can level up are Attack, Elemental Skill, and Elemental Burst. Needless to say, you level them all up separately. This also requires some materials, most notably Talent Books.

Luckily, you can’t farm Talent Books before AR 27, at which point you should have a solid grasp on how things work.


Constellations – What Happens When You Get A Character Duplicate?

When you get a duplicate of a character you already own, you can unlock their constellations for some added perks. Sometimes it’s just an incremental power-up, but sometimes you get whole new mechanics that unlock different play styles.



You also have to level up each weapon individually. This uses either weapon you don’t need as fodder or Enhancement Ore that you can craft or get as quest and event rewards. Weapons also need to be ascended at the same levels as characters.

Not all weapons are created equal, and since you don’t have enough resources to craft them all, it’s best to check out our weapon tier list to see which ones are worth investing in. We made sure to rank all 3* weapons as well so that even beginner F2P players can get maximum value out of it.



Next to weapons, artifacts serve as the main equipable items. They also need to be leveled up individually by spending unwanted artifacts. Only here the level cap is significantly lower. For 1* artifacts, it caps out at level 4 and goes up by 4 levels for every additional rank. So for 5* artifacts, the level cap is 20.

Artifacts can be incredibly confusing, so if you want to know more about them, check out this guide on the best artifacts for each character. Truth be told, artifacts aren’t all that important at the beginning of the game, but they only grow more and more relevant with each World Leve.


Resin – What Is It And Why You Should Care!

Similar to many F2P mobile games, Genshin Impact features a Stamina that limits how much meaningful progression you can get each day. In this game, this is known as Resin.

You gain 1 Resin every 8 minutes until you reach the 160 Resin cap. You expend Resin to collect rewards from Ley Lines (20 Resin), Domains (20 Resin), World Bosses (40 Resin), and Weekly Bosses (30 Resin for first 3 Bosses, later 60).

You can progress far through the game’s story and play for many days without needing to expending any resin at all!

The sooner you start spending it, the more you’ll be able to level up and ascent your characters and weapons.


Collect Anemoculi And Geoculi

All sorts of collectibles will draw your attention away from the main quest once you start playing Genshin Impact. Oculi are easily the most important one!

Collecting Anemoculi in Mondstadt and offering it to the Statue of the Seven will increase your stamina. So if you want to climb higher, sprint further, glide longer, and so on be sure to prioritize collecting Oculi.

Once you get to Liyue, Anemoculi will be replaced with Geoculi, but both serve the same purpose. Electroculi found in Inazuma don’t increase stamina, but you’re no longer a beginner once you get to Inazuma.

If you’re having trouble finding these collectibles, try using the official Genshin Impact Interactive Map. It can be used to find the location of all collectible objects in the game, including chests.

There are also Electroculi in Inazuma. Will amazing in their own right, as they provide a fair amount of Primogems, they aren’t as important as the other Oculi since they don’t contribute toward your Stamina cap.

Elements And Elemental Reactions

Each playable character in Genshin Impact holds mastery over one of the Seven Elements: Pyro (Fire), Hydro (Water), Anemo (Wind), Electro (Electricity), Cryo (Ice), and Geo (Earth). The last element is Dendo, which will likely focus on Flora (poison, rooting enemies, etc.), but that’s not in the game yet.

When an enemy (or you!) gets hit by any element other than Anemo and Geo, they get marked by that Element’s status effect. On their own, these statuses do either nothing or very little, but when an enemy already afflicted by one element gets hit by another element, it will proc an Elemental Reaction. For example, applying Cryo to an enemy already afflicted with Hydro will Freeze the enemy.

Elemental Reactions are easy to use (you will proc several of them without even trying or understanding how they work) but difficult to master for maximum effect.

Here is a brief overview of all the Elemental Reactions:

First ElementSecond ElementElemental Reaction
Deals ×1.5 Pyro DMG.
Deals AoE Pyro DMG and triggers an explosion.
Deals ×2 Pyro DMG.
Deals continuous Pyro DMG.
Deals ×2 Hydro DMG.
Deals Electro DMG that can jump to nearby Wet targets. Each instance of damage briefly stuns the target.
Freezes the target.
Deals AoE Pyro DMG and triggers an explosion.
Deals Electro DMG that can jump to nearby Wet targets. Each instance of damage briefly stuns the target.
Deals AoE Cryo DMG and reduces the target’s Physical DMG Resistance by 40% for 12 seconds.
AnemoPyro, Hydro, Electro, or CryoSwirl
Spreads Elemental Statuses onto nearby enemies, doing both Anemo DMG and Elemental DMG of the corresponding Element.
Deals ×1.5 Cryo DMG.
Freezes the target.
Deals AoE Cryo DMG and reduces the target’s Physical DMG Resistance by 40% for 12 seconds.
GeoPyro, Hydro, Electro, or CryoCrystallize
Creates an elemental crystal that can be picked up to get a Shield of the corresponding element.

Elemental Mastery is the most important stat for determining how powerful Elemental Reactions are. It’s important to note that only the stats of the character who applies the 2nd Element are used to calculate damage.


Elemental Resonance – Picking The Right Team Members

As a beginner, you will only have enough resources to properly focus on one or two characters, but you’ll still want to use four characters in your line-up. Even if some of them are level 1, they will serve a purpose just by being there if they can activate Elemental Resonances.

When your line-up features at least two characters belonging to the same element, you will get an Elemental Resonance – a party-wide buff that can have some powerful effect. Having four characters all with different elements also gives a resonance. This way, you can get a lot of value out of certain underleveled characters just by keeping them in your party.

Here is the list of all Elemental Resonances:

2 Pyro charactersFervent Flames
Affected by Cryo for 40% less time. Increases ATK by 25%.
2 Hydro charactersSoothing Water
Affected by Pyro for 40% less time. Increases incoming healing by 30%.
2 Anemo charactersImpetuous Wind
Decreases Stamina Consumption by 15%. Increases Movement Speed by 10%. Shortens Skill Cooldown by 5%.
2 Electro charactersHigh Voltage
Affected by Hydro 40% less time. Superconduct, Overload, and Electro-Charged have a 100% chance to generate an Electro Elemental Particle (Cooldown: 5s).
2 Cryo CharactersShattering Ice
Affected by Electro 40% less time. Increases CRIT Rate against opponents that are Frozen or affected by Cryo by 15%.
2 Geo CharactersEnduring Rock
Increases shield strength by 15%. Additionally, characters protected by shield will have the following special characteristics: DMG dealt increases by 15%, dealing DMG to enemies will decrease their Geo RES by 20% for 15s.
Any 4 unique elementsProtective Canopy
All Elemental RES +15%, Physical RES +15%.

How To Break Enemy Shields?

Certain enemies will buff themselves with elemental shields.

Some shields only absorb a portion of the damage, but others negate all damage entirely. In either case, you’ll want to focus on destroying the shield. To do this, you’ll need to attack it with other elements. Geo shields are the exception, as the most effective weapon against them is a good old Claymore.


How F2P Is The Game Really?

Every game wants to get a hold of your wallet. In this sense, free-to-play games can be more expensive than games that only require an initial one-time purchase. Sure, it costs $60 to buy Ghosts of Tsushima, but once you buy it you’re done.

But free-to-play games try to squeeze you dry at every opportunity. That said, they don’t go about it in the same way. Whereas many F2P games severely limit your progress unless you pay up, Genshin Impact gives you all the tools needed to go through all of its content.

You get at least one character of every Element and every Weapon type. These characters have been put to the test and they can be used for even the most difficult content in the game.

The game still incentivizes you to spend, especially by locking some amazing weapons behind the $10 Battle Pass, but it won’t make the content unbeatable or even frustratingly difficult if you’re entirely F2P.

You can earn Primogems – the currency needed to obtain new characters – by doing daily commissions, getting achievements, exploring the map, participating in events, and using redeemable codes.

So even as an entirely F2P player, you can still get the most powerful S-Tier 5* characters if you’re wise about spending your Primogems. You can find out exactly how many Primogems you can earn as a F2P player by clicking here. And to learn how you can get the characters you want, check this guide.


In-Game Currencies

Genshin Impact has a ridiculous number of in-game currencies, all to prevent you from figuring out the real-life cost of in-game items. The following chart will break down all these currencies.

PrimogemsPrimogems are the most important currency in the game. They’re used to purchases Fates for 160 Primogems each.
FatesWishes are used to wish for weapons and/or characters on gacha (banners). There are two types of Fates.
Acquainted Fate: used for the non-rotating standard banner.
Intertwined Fate: used for the rotating limited character and weapon banners.
Masterless StardustWhenever you receive a 3* weapon on a banner you will get some Stardust. Stardust can be exchanged for various rare resources.
Most importantly, every month you can purchase up to 5 Acquainted Fates and 5 Intertwined Fates using Stardust.
Masterless StarglitterWhenever you receive a 4* or 5* item, you will get some Starglitter. You get more Starglitter if you obtain duplicates of characters you already own. Starglitter can be exchanged for Fates, with no limitations.
Genesis CrystalsGenesis Crystals are the currency you purchase with real money. You can convert Genesis Crystals into Primogems at a rate of 1:1.
In addition to this, Genesis Crystals are used to purchase character skins and certain bundles that cannot be bought with Primogems.
MoraMora is gold. It’s used to purchase various things from in-game vendors, but it’s also expended whenever you ascend or level up your characters, weapons, artifacts, etc.
SigilsSigils are regional currencies that are obtained from chests (Anemo Sigils in Mondstadt, Geo Sigils in Liyue, Electro Sigils in Inazuma).
Anemo and Geo Sigils can be exchanged for various materials or Mora.
Electro Sigils can be offered to the Sacred Sakura Tree.

Don’t Rush

For a free-to-play gacha game, Genshin Impact exceeded all expectations with its massive open world and rewarding exploration. Now with most similar games, especially MMOs, the endgame is where the real content starts. But in Genshin Impact, the exploration and the story are the most enjoyable parts of the game.

Aside from endlessly grinding for perfect artifacts, hunting down achievements, saving up Primogems for future characters, and decorating your in-game home, Genshin Impact doesn’t offer anything once you’ve caught up with the story and explored everything

Each patch brings new events and often some mini-games, but most players just play this while waiting for new story quests and explorable areas to drop. You can always find out what content is coming in the next update by checking out this article.

Armed with the knowledge from this guide, you will be able to optimize your Genshin Impact experience as a beginner. But remember that optimization is not speedrunning. Take your time and enjoy the early game because that is where Genshin Impact is at its best.

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